The self-organization observed in foraging territories is a microcosm for the self-organization seen in the entire colony . Spatial organization observed across social insect colonies can be considered an emergent property of a self-organized complex system . It is self-organized because there is no leader dictating where each individual will reside, nor which task an individual will perform once they get there.  Instead, zones may be a by-product of division of labor , whereby individuals end up in a particular location for a period of time based on the task they perform,  or dominance interactions, whereby dominant individuals are granted access to the most desirable places inside the nest.   Spatial patterns exhibited by individuals of social insect colonies are not obvious, because it is difficult to observe and differentiate among individuals inside a nest cavity or flying across a foraging patch. However, when careful attention is given to the individual worker, the spatial organization of workers in the nest becomes apparent.
Linda directs the West Coast offices of the Gifted Development Center, in Granada Hills, California and Kirkland, Washington. She is a licensed Marriage, Family and Child Therapist in private practice since 1996, specializing in gifted children and adults and visual-spatial learners of all ages. A member of the Visual-Spatial Resource Access Team, Linda provides teacher in-services, parent workshops, email and phone consultation, guidance in school selection, observation and mediation, and support for visual-spatial learners and their families. Linda Leviton and Linda Silverman have worked together since 1974. They co-authored "In Search of the Perfect Program," which serves as a basis for helping parents find appropriate educational environments for their children.