Nature vs nurture psychology essays

That’s as much a reflection on the fact that  sports science hasn’t fully worked out what determines performance , and that performance is the  result of a cluster of physiological, psychological and environmental traits that are currently too complex for us to analyse.  Hard work and training is one of them, and when one looks at the very top level of performers, the difference made by hard work becomes the tiny difference between victory and defeat. But to tell people that they can achieve anything, regardless of their genes, seems to me to be misleading, when it is applied to sports like running and cycling.

It has been reported that the use of the terms "nature" and "nurture" as a convenient catch-phrase for the roles of heredity and environment in human development can be traced back to 13th century France . Some scientists think that people behave as they do according to genetic predispositions or even "animal instincts." This is known as the "nature" theory of human behavior. Other scientists believe that people think and behave in certain ways because they are taught to do so. This is known as the "nurture" theory of human behavior.

Alec's love of music isn't unusual in a toddler. But last winter we discovered that he especially enjoys the sound of bagpipes. So my mother gave him a tape of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards, to which he likes to dance most nights before bedtime. Recently, his father saw a listing for the Tartan Day Parade and too early that Saturday morning I got Alec dressed and hustled him uptown. Sitting just a foot or two from the deafening drone of those pipes, Alec  -- who objects if the TV's a little too loud  -- wore a look of rapture. Alec's first and middle names do come from ancestors, on both sides, who emigrated from Scotland. Did they carry with them genetic codes that spelled out a yen for bagpipes?

Others have pointed out that the premise of the "nature versus nurture" debate seems to negate the significance of free will. More specifically, if all our traits are determined by our genes, by our environment, by chance , or by some combination of these acting together, then there seems to be little room for free will. This line of reasoning suggests that the "nature versus nurture" debate tends to exaggerate the degree to which individual human behavior can be predicted based on knowledge of genetics and the environment. Furthermore, in this line of reasoning, it should also be pointed out that biology may determine our abilities, but free will still determines what we do with our abilities.

While this suggests that personality can be inherited, these same studies also allow for examining the environment as well as genes. Surprisingly, some adoption studies have found that by adulthood the personalities of adopted siblings in the same family are no more similar than those of strangers, indicating that the family's impact on personality dissipates by adulthood. Environmental effects that are not shared are often found to outweigh shared environmental effects, meaning that influences that are thought to shape people's personality, like family life, have less of an impact that environmental effects that aren't shared (factors which are difficult to identify).

Nature vs nurture psychology essays

nature vs nurture psychology essays

Others have pointed out that the premise of the "nature versus nurture" debate seems to negate the significance of free will. More specifically, if all our traits are determined by our genes, by our environment, by chance , or by some combination of these acting together, then there seems to be little room for free will. This line of reasoning suggests that the "nature versus nurture" debate tends to exaggerate the degree to which individual human behavior can be predicted based on knowledge of genetics and the environment. Furthermore, in this line of reasoning, it should also be pointed out that biology may determine our abilities, but free will still determines what we do with our abilities.

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