End of history francis fukuyama essay

This presumes that there will be a triumph of a government system for regulating society. Yuval Noah Harari, in his 2011 book Sapiens, A Brief History of Humankind , shows that our behaviors are controlled by self-replicating cultural biases that may very well lead to the permanent destruction of humanity and, that industrialization is both one product of that bias and a clear indicator of its influence. The exceptions, explanations and incalculable time frame Fukuyama lays out to validate his theory ignore the reality of human motivational behavior as explained by Kahneman and Tversky in their 1981 essay "The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice." Kahneman and Tversky provide evidence and data that prove we do not behave in ways that the majority of academics define as "rational" and, therefore, predictable. That lack of rational predictability is even truer in any political undertaking. To say that democracy may expire, perhaps for centuries, but will rise again and become the universal norm provides a reason to look elsewhere for useful exploration of humankind's future.

Consider the order-building project that established the modern international system. Exhausted by the violence of the Thirty Years’ War, the rulers of Europe signed the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 to control the forces that had stoked that violence. Westphalia was a diplomatic revolution. It created a political order that precluded interference in other states’ domestic affairs, enshrined secular and not religious authority as the basis for state sovereignty, and attempted to prevent aggression and war through the maintenance of a balance of power between those states. And it rested on a recognition, shared among key participants, that the continental cataclysm that had befallen Europe in the three decades prior to Westphalia simply could not be permitted to happen again.

The . often tries to put out fires with fires and unfortunately spreads larger fires. Look how much blood the . has spilled protecting the lines drawn up by the British and the French. But don’t I actually have you to think for bringing awareness to the Sykes-Picot? I had never studied it in any great detail prior to hearing you talk about it. Once I went back and took a more detailed look at it, it is amazing how much one can understand about the politics involved in its formation and the desire of the Arab world to want to dismantle it.

Spanish missionaries were the first European settlers in Texas, founding San Antonio in 1718. Hostile natives and isolation from other Spanish colonies kept Texas sparsely populated until following the Revolutionary War and the War of Mexican Independence, when the newly established Mexican government began to allow settlers from the . to claim land there. This led to a population explosion, but dramatically reduced the percentage of the population with Mexican heritage, causing friction with the government in Mexico City. After several smaller insurrections, the Texas Revolution broke out, and the state became an independent nation in 1835. However, the newly formed Texas Republic was unable to defend itself from further incursions by Mexican troops, and eventually negotiated with the . to join the union in 1845.

End of history francis fukuyama essay

end of history francis fukuyama essay

Spanish missionaries were the first European settlers in Texas, founding San Antonio in 1718. Hostile natives and isolation from other Spanish colonies kept Texas sparsely populated until following the Revolutionary War and the War of Mexican Independence, when the newly established Mexican government began to allow settlers from the . to claim land there. This led to a population explosion, but dramatically reduced the percentage of the population with Mexican heritage, causing friction with the government in Mexico City. After several smaller insurrections, the Texas Revolution broke out, and the state became an independent nation in 1835. However, the newly formed Texas Republic was unable to defend itself from further incursions by Mexican troops, and eventually negotiated with the . to join the union in 1845.

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