Moreover, German intellectual culture had a prominent streak of conservatism that was lacking in England and France. Christianity was still a dominant force in Germany, where there was not nearly the level of popular discontent with religion and the Church that there was in other western European nations. Many German intellectuals still incorporated traditional Christian themes into their thought and therefore rejected the Enlightenment’s “heretical” focus on pure reason and empiricism. Leibniz, for instance, made a number of great discoveries in mathematics and philosophy, but his religious devotion kept him from straying too far from tradition. As a result, when the German Enlightenment finally did begin in the late 1700 s, it proceeded in an entirely different direction from the English and French Enlightenments, embracing reason and rationalism but maintaining strong elements of religion and spirituality at the same time.
Tutor2u arranges a panel of over 20 Economics teacher judges from across the UK, who meet over two days to read through all of the entries and put together a shortlist of essays for final judging and also a list of highly commended entries from the 2016 competition which are then passed to the Royal Economic Society for the final judging. The RES judging panel in 2017 will be made up of: Andrew Chesher (President, RES), Jonathan Haskell (Imperial College London), Bridget Rosewell (Volterra Partners) and Alvin Birdi (Economics Network and University of Bristol).