Hand hygiene is the foundation for infection control conduct and hand washing forms part of hand hygiene practices. Sax et al (2007) suggested 5 moments of hand hygiene which encourages health-care workers to clean their hands firstly, before touching a patient, secondly, before clean/aseptic procedures, thirdly after body fluid exposure/risk, fourthly after touching a patient and fifthly after touching patient surroundings. Hand hygiene is conceded as a reasonably cheap and straightforward procedure than many other infection prevention and control procedures. Healthcare workers however fail to practice it when they as required. According to Beggs et al (2009) hand hygiene is widely regarded as the most effective way of preventing HCAI on the principle that cleansing of hands breaks the chain of infection. The Royal College of Nursing (2005) emphasised that all healthcare staff should undertake infection control training as part of their induction and on an annual basis. Poor hand hygiene plays a role in the transmission of microbes and eventually results in the increased rates of patient to patient and staff to patient infections in clinical and community settings.